Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. was reported on legume hosts other than soybean in Tanzania as early as 1979 (1). Soybean rust (SBR), caused by P. pachyrhizi, was first reported on soybean in Africa in Uganda in 1996 (3), and its introduction into Africa was proposed to occur through urediniospores blowing from western India to the African east coastal areas by moist northeast monsoon winds (4). The fungus rapidly spread and was reported on soybean in South Africa in 2001, in western Cameroon in 2003, and in Ghana and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2007 (5). A second species causing SBR on soybean, P. meibomiae, has not been reported in Africa or elsewhere, outside of the Americas. From 2012 to 2014, symptomatic leaf samples were collected in the major soybean growing areas of the Tanzanian Southern Highlands (Iringa, Mbeya, and Ruvuma regions). Symptoms of SBR included yellowing of leaves and tan sporulating lesions. These symptoms were observed at flowering through seed maturity. From fields surveyed in 2012, 2013, and 2014, SBR was observed in 5 of 14, 7 of 11, and 14 of 31 fields, respectively.